SARA Title III requires communities to develop off-site emergency response plans for facilities and farms that have extremely hazardous substances (EHS). It also gives the citizens the right to know about hazardous chemicals that are stored and released in our community.
Preparing a farm disaster plan is critical for owners of small and large farms alike. Protecting your livestock, crops, and people are something everyone should be prepared for. Although, the word disaster usually implies big events disasters can also be personal events like a house or barn fire, or a local event like a chemical or oil spill.
Anhydrous Ammonia Fertilizer
Depending on the amount of anhydrous ammonia you have on site, will depend who you notify, whether you need an air permit, or fall under MIOSHA standards.
If you have 500 pounds or more of anhydrous ammonia on site, even if the anhydrous ammonia is on site only during applications, the Midland County LEPC and Michigan Sara Title III Program must be notified. Midland County LEPC is required to write an off site emergency plan for your facility or farm. Contact the Midland County LEPC at 616-632-6256 or the Michigan SARA Title III Program at 517-373-8481 for more information.
SARA Title III requires “Facilities, including agricultural establishments and agribusinesses, must immediately notify the LEPC’s and the SERC’s likely to be affected if there is a release into the environment of a hazardous substance that exceeds the reportable quantity for that substance.”
Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFO)
The EPA has finalized a new rule that addresses how releases to the air of hazardous substances from animal waste (manure, digestive emissions and urea) at farms must be reported. Go here for more information.
Oil Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Program: Information for Farmers
This fact sheet will assist you, as a farmer, in understanding your obligations under the SPCC Program. Remember that milk is considered an oil under the SPCC rule.
Disaster and Spill Response Plans
Michigan State University Extension has a website dedicated to emergency response for those in the agri-business or farm industry. This site is loaded with information and links in developing a farm security plan as well.